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When the French withdrew from Port Louis in 1767 they left behind cattle and horses which survived and multiplied. By 1842 when a civil administration was established there were considerable herds of wild cattle.  The land however, was better suited to sheep farming.

In the census of 31 March 1843 a total of 312 sheep were recorded: Governor Moody 22; Antonina Roxa 40; and John Whitington 250. Of these 200 Lincolns and 12 Leicesters had been imported from England with the remainder from the River Plate.  Unfortunately scab and foot rot were also introduced and by 1846 there were only 100 sheep. 

The Falkland Islands Company Limited was formed in 1851 and among the new company’s objectives under the Royal Charter dated 10 January 1852 was the development of sheep farming.

South American sheep did not adapt well to the climate so experiments were carried out with various breeds from England. By 1860 there were approximately 10,000 sheep on East Falkland.  West Falkland was opened up to farming in 1867 and in less than five years there were approximately 30,000 sheep recorded.  Experimentation and importation of rams continued and in the 1890s rams were being imported from New Zealand.  Professionals were also employed to improve stock, farming methods and pasture.  To date sheep farming continues to dominate with the majority of farm land given over to it. 

English romneys at Darwin FIC

English Romneys at Darwin - photo FIC Collection


Agriculture - Government Holdings Database

This database contains a listing of the government files and documents held. For ease of use the records have been sorted into categories: AGRICULTURE and then into sub-categories. The government records mainly cover the period post World War I to the late 1970s with some files as early as 1916.  The database will be updated from time to time as new accessions are added.

NB: For private farming records, ie non-government, refer to the section AGRICULTURE - FARM RECORDS (NON-GOVT).  For Falkland Islands Company farm records refer to the section FALKLAND ISLANDS COMPANY LTD COLLECTION.

 pdfAgriculture list of holdings Government.pdf(679.85 KB)

 pdfList of the horses at Port Louis 24 January 1842 - H1 170.pdf(358.74 KB)


Sheep and Wool

AGR-SHE-1-1. Papers re shipment of wool from Colony by S.S Crown of Arragon.pdf1.28 MB

AGR-SHE-1-2. Sheep Exportation from Falkland Islands to the Compania Frigorifico de la Patagonia of Chile. Letter from Messrs J L Waldron Ltd Concerning.pdf424.06 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-3. Requests permission to purchase sheep casings from K Reddermann enemy alien.pdf744.78 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-4. No probability of British Government purchasing more Falkland Islands wool.pdf384.29 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-5. Notifications of quantities of wool in Stanley awaiting shipment to United Kingdom - 1919.pdf9.89 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-6. Expat H Reddermann. Applies for licence to export casings to Punta Arenas.pdf680.58 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-7. John McGill. Difficulty in obtaining sheep to supply the town of Stanley with mutton.pdf2.78 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-8. With reference to Argentine wool stocks.pdf1.05 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-9. Pebble Island Estate West Falkland value of dip and draining stage at.pdf485.08 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-10. Prices of wool tallow and whale oil. Information as to.pdf18.51 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-11. Petition by Falkland Islands Sheep-Farmers respecting the tax on land.pdf4.88 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-12. Representation by Falkland Islands Company regarding crisis in sheep farming industry.pdf1.89 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-13. Manager FIC Ltd. Asks to be allowed to import rams via Punta Arenas.pdf1.74 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-14. Sheep Lice Infection of Sheep at Port Howard Station with.pdf733.28 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-15. Regarding investigations and bacteriological examinations of stock on the West Falkland.pdf11.37 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-16. Respecting wool returns of the Falkland Islands.pdf953.15 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-17. Respecting losses in lambs in the Falkland Islands.pdf6.27 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-18. Fitzroy South Sheep infected with lice reported at.pdf6.72 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-19. Regarding the import of rams from San Julian Chile.pdf10.36 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-20. John McGill. Application to be allowed to drive sheep from Rincon Grande to Stanley.pdf745.54 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-21. Requests information from Australia and New Zealand as to lice in sheep.pdf1000.56 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-22. Exportation of sheep from Falkland Islands to Argentina.pdf14.37 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-23. Prices of produce 1923.pdf6.29 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-1-24. Importation of rams from Punta Arenas per SS Losada.pdf273.92 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-1. Comparative notes on sheep farming in the Falkland Islands and South Patagonia.pdf10.75 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-2. FIC Ltd. Regarding the import of rams from Chile. Voyage of SS Falkland to Punta Arenas.pdf7.82 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-3. J Robertson. Notifies import of Rams from Tierra del Fuego.pdf850.02 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-4. FIC Ltd. Questions of tax on wool baled before 1 January 1924.pdf4.29 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-5. Application by Mr H C Harding to commence dipping on 20 Febuary. Section 28 Live Stock Ordinance 1901.pdf788.48 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-6. Application by Mr R C Pole-Evans to import sheep from Patagonia.pdf12.95 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-7. Falkland Islands Company. Enquiry respecting death of rams in quarantine.pdf2.18 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-8. Mrs Fannie M Scott. Respecting subsitution of tax on wool for land tax.pdf906.64 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-9. Rowett Research Institute. Investigation of sheep farming industry undertaken by.pdf1.97 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-10. Certificates of landing of wool 1924.pdf7.74 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-11. Loans to sheep farmers for developement and Improvement of farm stations.pdf14.17 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-12. Rowett Research Institute. Respecting forwarding of samples of ewes milk to.pdf3.67 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-13. Rowett Research Institute. Respecting forwarding of bones for examination.pdf6.51 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-14. Sheep Breeders Association. Draft rules for.pdf6.39 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-15. Respecting outbreak of scab disease amongst sheep at Speedwell Island.pdf28.87 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-16. Stock Commissioner forwards report on the sheep farming industry in the Falkland Islands - Part 1.pdf12.87 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-16. Stock Commissioner forwards report on the sheep farming industry in the Falkland Islands - Part 2.pdf35.95 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-16. Stock Commissioner forwards report on the sheep farming industry in the Falkland Islands - Part 3.pdf37.52 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-2-16. Stock Commissioner forwards report on the sheep farming industry in the Falkland Islands - Part 4.pdf12.79 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-1. Alteration in ear mark of stock at Rincon Grande Station.pdf553.68 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-2. Prices of Produce 1925.pdf9.11 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-3. Shipments of sheep from New Zealand - Part 1.pdf25.67 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-3. Shipments of sheep from New Zealand - Part 2.pdf19.72 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-4. Utilization of whale bone meal for sheep feed.pdf1.58 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-5. Alteration of ear mark of stock on Moody Valley Station.pdf600.84 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-6. Sheep Breeders Association.pdf10.32 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-7. Prices of produce 1926 and 1927.pdf19.7 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-8. Certificates of landing of wool 1925.pdf2.48 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-9. Second shipment of sheep and fodder from New Zealand.pdf336.94 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-10. Suspected outbreak of lice on stations of East Falklands.pdf11.43 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-11. Request that permission be granted for Mr J Robertson to sign health certificate of 300 sheep to be shipped from West Falkland to Punta Arenas.pdf1.13 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-12. Enquiry regarding arrangements for feeding sheep brought into Stanley for slaughter.pdf2.99 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-13. R C Pole-Evans. Requests permission to 1 Import rams from Tierra del Fuego 2 Enter vessel at Fox Bay and clear from any port on the West Falkland.pdf6.2 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-14. Prices of produce.pdf10.5 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-3-15. Imports of sheep 1928. Reports on by Chief Inspector of Stock.pdf2.82 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-1. Professor J Buxton requests assistance in investigations into sheep diseases in Falkland Islands.pdf3.71 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-2. Falkland Islands Company Limited Proposal to buy a steamer to transport wool from the Colony to Montevideo for shipment to England.pdf719.88 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-3. Mineral mixture ordered by Mr J Morton for treatment of sheep.pdf4.55 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-4. Release of rams from quarantine request for by the Hon G J Felton.pdf357.83 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-5. Comparative prices of Falkland Islands and Patagonian wool.pdf708.74 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-6. Importation of rams by Mr R C Pole-Evans.pdf10.09 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-7. Appeal for relief in taxation for local sheepfarming industry - Letter from Hon L W H Young.pdf28.2 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-8. Mr R C Pole-Evans requests assistance of Govt in drawing up plans of wool shed etc at Port Howard.pdf2.87 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-9. Prices of wool tallow and whale oil.pdf19.79 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-10. Importation of 15-20 Corriedale rams from South America by Falkland Islands Company.pdf1.34 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-11. Notification of discovery of sheep infected with lice on North Arm Section and on the Fitzroy and Port Louis Sections.pdf2.35 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-12. Importation by G Bonner and Co Ltd of 4 Romney Marsh rams from the United Kingdom.pdf1.19 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-13. Lice in sheep on Teal Inlet Station and on other stations on the East Falkland.pdf1.31 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-14. Report by Mr Tom C Norris on the possibilities of the sheep farming industry in the Falkland Islands.pdf16.39 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-15. Request regarding a health certificate covering the import of tallow from the Falkland Islands.pdf624.23 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-16. Notifications of infected sheep etc.pdf8.72 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-17. Sheep farming industry-statistics showing amount of money retained by absentee owners during each of last fifteen years.pdf6.69 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-4-18. Representations made by the Falkland Islands Sheepowners Association.pdf8.51 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-1. Note on the high mortaility rate of sheep in the Falkland Islands.pdf4.6 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-2. Imperial Institute s Advisory Committee. Compilation of monograph showing the work which is being done to improve the quality of hides and skins.pdf1.98 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-3. Helminthic diseases in Sheep.pdf1.53 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-4. Disposal of Falkland Islands surplus sheep.pdf36 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-5. Brief notes on economical flock improvement for circulation to farmers.pdf3.14 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-6. Swift Company of Buenos Aires enquire regarding exportation of sheep from Falkland Islands.pdf1.16 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-7. Questions of general policy in relation to the sheep farming industry.pdf6.14 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-8. International wool publicity and research.pdf2.89 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-9. Falkland Islands wool clips question of purchase of by the Imperial Government. Includes files S. 1. 40.pdf11.2 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-10. Export of mutton and tallow.pdf5.08 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-11. Suggested call of a New Zealand vessel at Port Stanley.pdf1.23 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-12. Claim in respect of ram imported by HolmEsted Blake and Company Ltd.pdf2.83 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-13. Falkland Islands Sheepowners Association Representations regarding Agriculture Dept.pdf10.84 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-14. Loss of sheep while undergoing quarantine.pdf9.14 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-15. Export tax on wool.pdf614.29 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-16. Conference with Sheepowners Association 1947.pdf3.61 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-5-17. Chairman FI Sheep Owners Association. Minutes of proceedings of meetings.pdf5.46 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-1. Falkland Islands wool clips wool tax.pdf17.77 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-2. Purchase of Falkland Islands sheep.pdf2.45 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-3. Falkland Islands Romney Marsh Sheep Breeders Association.pdf3.12 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-4. Provision of Christmas lambs.pdf989.18 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-5. Sheep ailments in Falkland Islands.pdf2.98 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-6. Application of Messrs Sahakian and Company to export sheep casings.pdf2.96 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-7. Sheep Owners Association.pdf16.45 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-8. Wool clips wool production costs.pdf2 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-9. Sheep - experimental drenchings with cobalt.pdf2.16 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-10. Sheep shifting around the Falkland Islands.pdf1.2 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-11. Dipping.pdf24.32 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-12. Sheep Farming in the Falkland Islands.pdf16.23 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-13. Combined meeting of Executive and Legislative Councils and Sheep Owners Association 1957.pdf1.24 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-6-14. Proposed hire of drainage machines by farmers.pdf303.67 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-7-1. The livestock amendment ordinance 1949.pdf17.1 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-7-2. Meat cold storage.pdf512.68 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-7-3. Dipping of sheep.pdf32.7 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-7-4. Driving of sheep across farms.pdf1.01 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-7-5. Sheep Owners Association - 1969 meeting.pdf891.69 KB

pdfAGR-SHE-7-6. Visit of Mr D H Braun.pdf3.91 MB

pdfAGR-SHE-7-7. FIG. wool sales papers.pdf15.7 MB

Noah's Ark - Post Conflict 

pdfAGR-LIN-1-1. Shippers. Potential suppliers breed societies. Lists of stock losses etc.pdf11.54 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-2. Correspondance with Appeal and Rex Hunt.pdf6.79 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-3. Government announcements etc.pdf1.79 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-4. Local correspondance.pdf20.66 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-5. Lists Orders etc.pdf7.3 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-6. Telexes in and out.pdf12.71 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-7. Telexes out and copies of initial draft.pdf5.31 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-8. Miscellaneous loose items.pdf6.63 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-9. Dogs which arrived on Sandshore 22.11.83.pdf4.07 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-1-10. Outstanding still to come.pdf13.07 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-1. Sheep.pdf37.84 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-2. Cattle.pdf17.92 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-3. Horses.pdf11.12 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-4. Goats and pigs.pdf6.74 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-5. Dogs.pdf12.77 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-6. Cats and budgerigars.pdf1.82 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-7. Dispersal of animals. Follow up 1984.pdf13.37 MB

pdfAGR-LIN-2-8. Follow up 1986.pdf10.72 MB



While every effort has been taken to ensure accuracy the Jane Cameron National Archives does not accept responsibility for any errors in these records.

Copyright guide

Copies of government records may be used freely for private research and educational purposes.  If material is to be used for commercial publication, exhibition or broadcast the written permission of the Jane Cameron National Archives must first be obtained. Whenever material from the Jane Cameron National Archives is reproduced in any form or in any medium, the user must acknowledge the Jane Cameron National Archives as the source and give all document references.  For non-government records it is your responsibility as the user to ensure that copyright is not infringed and any infringement that does occur is your responsibility.